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Diesel crossovers and SUVs

Diesel vehicles with high cross every year becomes more and more on our roads. Motorists have long appreciated the efficiency of their operation compared to their gasoline counterparts. To date, more than 200 models of diesel SUVs and crossovers, not counting their numerous modifications available on the world market. And each manufacturer assures consumers that it offers the best diesel crossover or SUV.

As usual motorist to understand the many proposals? Partly, this should help our brief overview. Of course, we will not be able to describe even briefly, all the pros and cons of each model. For this reason we hadn't enough print space. However, we will try by comparing the opinions of experts and motorists to determine the best cars in each category by the totality of their performance and consumer characteristics.

Structural differences between SUVs and crossovers, their classification

Differences between SUV and crossover stem from their different functions. For example, the SUV should have a high cross in off-road.

 Willys MB

Such performance it provides the following design features:

Crossover (Crossover Utility Vehicle (CUV), "SUV"), in turn, was intended by the designers as a city car, with increased permeability in the small off-road.

 Matra Rancho

To unify production when designing crossovers are often based on a popular platform of a car. This explains why the design of the crossovers there are no technical solutions typical SUV. Depending on the length of the body SUVs and crossovers are divided into three classes:

Based on the above classification, we consider the most popular diesel SUVs and crossovers today.

Diesel SUVs

Originally a full-size diesel SUV was performed on a rigid frame and had a Fourwheel drive, manual transmission, transfer case with low and direct transmission, as well as dependent front and rear suspension. In modern models, these traditionally structural elements are not something mandatory. Accumulated in the automotive industry experience allows you to experiment with different technical solutions without compromising the reliability of their operation in off-road. As for their value, full size diesel SUV rates are the highest among the studied categories of vehicles.

 Nissan Patrol

From on the market today the most popular models of full-size SUVs are the Mitsubishi Pajero, Land Rover Discovery IV, Land Rover Range Rover, Nissan Patrol, Chevrolet TrailBlazer, Infiniti QX, Toyota Land Cruiser 200, Kia Mohave, Mercedes-Benz GL.

 Land Rover Range Rover

Among these cars should stop your attention on the Mitsubishi Pajero. According to the auto experts is the best diesel SUV on the criteria of price/quality. Plug wheel drive, free (33:67) center differential with locking clutch, rear axle differential with forced locking of the car provide excellent driving performance on any surface. High ground clearance 225 mm lets not be afraid of uneven ground. And minimalist kits have enabled us to achieve record the angles of entry/exit/ramp - 41/29/26 degrees. The price of this model starts from 2 million rubles.

 Mitsubishi Pajero

 SUV Mitsubishi Pajero

Due to the reduced length of the body, these cars feel confident and on city streets, and on the nature outside the city. The level of comfort, capacity and dimensions of the trunk almost as good as full-sized models. Therefore, the mid-sized SUV with a diesel engine deservedly popular among motorists, slightly yielding compact crossovers.

 Kia Sorento

Tipichnymi predstavitelyami etogo klassa vnedorozhnikov yavlyayutsya Great Wall Hover H5, Jeep Commander, Jeep Wrangler, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Mitsubishi Pajero Sport New, Land Rover Range Rover Sport, Land Rover Defender, Kia Sorento, Mercedes-Benz G, Nissan Pathfinder, SsangYong Rexton II, Volkswagen Touareg, SsangYong Kyron, UAZ Patriot, Toyota Land Cruiser Prado 150.

 Volkswagen Touareg

From this list of models I would like to mention Toyota Land Cruiser Prado 150. This frame Japanese SUV has a high permeability and reliable operation in a variety of conditions while maintaining the comfort level of the car. Structurally it is characterized by a high ground clearance of 220 mm), permanent four-wheel drive and unbalanced (40:60) differential positive-lock, stabilizers body with the ability to control. Front suspension is independent, spring. Suspension rear - dependent spring. Low front overhang allowed to achieve good angles of entry/exit - 35/28 degrees.

 Toyota Land Cruiser Prado 150

Reduced dimensions and fuel consumption while maintaining off-road properties made compact diesel SUV universal vehicle for regular trips to town and occasional outings.

 VAZ-2121 "Niva"

The compact SUV class includes Jeep Cherokee, Jeep Wrangler (3 LW.), Mercedes-Benz G (3 LW.), Land Rover Defender (90), SsangYong Action, UAZ Hunter.

According to experts, among the models the title of the best compact SUV for several years holds Jeep Cherokee (the cost of 1.7 million rubles). Its advantages include permanent four-wheel drive and good suspension (front - independent, spring-loaded; rear - dependent spring). In the line of diesel engines are economical 2 litre (mixed cycle consumes 5.6 l) and powerful 2.8-liter (average consumption of 7.9 l). The car is able to overcome the deep water obstacles up to 480 mm And the angles of entry/exit/ramp make a record in this class 40/33/24 degrees.

 Jeep Cherokee

Crossovers on diesel engine

Full size diesel crossovers in most cases equipped with permanent four-wheel drive, automatic transmission and independent front and rear suspension. The most popular models in this class are: Audi Q7, BMW X5, Hyundai ix55, BMW X6, Porsche Cayenne, Infiniti FX and Volvo XC90.

 Hyundai ix55

Crossover diesel machine BMW X5 is the owner of the large ground clearance in its class - up to 222 mm According to the specifications, the X5 can overcome barriers to water depths up to 500 mm, the Angles of entry/exit/ramp are 27/26/16 degrees. The car is equipped with one of the best-in-class transmission xDrive. The distribution between the axles, torque respond constructively multi-disc friction clutch.

 BMW X5

The advantages of this model are excellent handling, fuel economy (2-liter diesel 25d "eats" in the combined cycle is 5.9 liter and 3-liter, 30d, 40d and M50d - from 6.2 to 7.5 l) and good, as for this class, off-road performance. As disadvantages experts call not the most spacious cabin among full-size crossovers, as well as its high price (starts from 3.2 million).

To mid-size crossovers include station wagons with the length of the body from 4600 to 4800 mm, mono - or four-wheel drive and ground clearance of 180 mm Special off-road performance, these machines do not differ, however, easy off-road run without problems.

The most well-known mid-sized crossovers with diesel engines is, first of all, the Audi Q5, BMW X3, Hyundai Santa Fe, Great Wall Hover H6, Volvo XC60.

 BMW X3

All-wheel drive Audi Q5 based on the A4 sedan and consumer is one of the best crossovers. Its advantages - economical diesel engines (2.0 TDI consumes 6 liters in the combined cycle, while the 3.0 TDI is 6.4 l), robotic 7-speed transmission, functional and comfortable interior, finished with quality materials. Disadvantages - weak off-road ability. The cost of the car - from 2 million rubles.

 with

Compact crossovers on the engine this is, perhaps, the fastest growing automotive segment. The reasons for their attractiveness to the consumer is quite simple - efficiency, manageability, and the dimensions of the sedan, spacious interior, big trunk, as well as increased ground clearance, which is important in the conditions of the poor state of most of our roads. At the same time, we should all remember that for off-road driving these economical diesel crossovers are not intended.

Among the popular models worth mentioning - BMW X1, Audi Q3, Toyota RAV4, Hyundai Tucson, KIA Sportage, Nissan Juke, Nissan Qashqai, Mazda CX-5, Skoda Yeti, Ford Kuga.

 Ford Kuga

Permanent four-wheel drive allows the driver of the BMW X1 to feel confident on wet or snowy road. Torque between the discs distributes nerazlicheniya multi-disc friction clutch. The advantages of the model include comfortable interior and trunk, traditionally for German cars cheap diesel (2l 25d 20d and consume in the combined cycle of about 5.5 l), 8-speed automatic transmission, good acceleration, as well as an attractive price for such a prestigious brand from 1.6 million rubles.

 BMW X1

Growing among motorists popularity of SUVs and crossovers with diesel engines greatly increases the interest of manufacturers to this segment.

Given the global economic situation and preferences motorists, we can assume - new diesel SUV will evolve in the direction of reducing fuel consumption. Perhaps even by reducing power base engines. While the new diesel crossovers are likely to go farther from its off-road component and turn into typical urban cars. Particularly in the next 5 years will be to develop the urban segment of compact crossovers.